virtual L_INT LBitmap::GetHistogram(pHisto, uHistoLen, uFlags)
Fills an array that charts how many times each intensity level occurs in the class object's bitmap. This function can chart red, green, and blue separately or together. It is used for all resolutions, including 12- and 16-bit grayscale.
An array of unsigned 64-bit integers that charts the number of times each intensity level occurs in the image.
Length of the histogram.
Flags that indicate the channel for which to get the histogram and the bits to use in calculating the histogram.
|CHANNEL_MASTER||[0x0000] Use all channels *.|
|CHANNEL_RED||[0x0001] Use Red channel only.|
|CHANNEL_GREEN||[0x0002] Use Green channel only.|
|CHANNEL_BLUE||[0x0003] Use Blue channel only.|
|HIST_LOWHIGH_BITS||[0x0000] Use only the bits between the LowBit and HighBit values stored in the bitmap handle.|
|HIST_ALL_BITS||[0x0010] Use all the bits for calculating the histogram (the LowBit and HighBit values from the bitmap handle are ignored.)|
|SUCCESS||The function was successful.|
|< 1||An error occurred. Refer to Return Codes.|
To update a status bar or detect a user interrupt during execution of this function, refer to LBase::EnableStatusCallback.
This function supports signed data images.
This function supports 12 and 16-bit grayscale and 48 and 64-bit color images. Support for 12 and 16-bit grayscale and 48 and 64-bit color images is available only in the Document/Medical toolkits.
This function does not support 32-bit grayscale images. It returns the error code ERROR_GRAY32_UNSUPPORTED if a 32-bit grayscale image is passed to this function.
For 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, 7-, 8-, 16-, 24-, and 32-bit color bitmaps, intensity levels range from 0 to 255. Therefore, the resulting array has 256 items, indexed by intensity value. The value of each item is the number of occurrences of that specific intensity level.
For 48- and 64-bit images, the intensity levels range from 0 to 65535. Therefore, the resulting array has 65536 items, indexed by intensity value. The value of each item is the number of occurrences of the intensity level.
This functions also works on 12- and 16-bit grayscale images. Intensity values in these bitmaps can range from 0 to (2^16 - 1) for 16-bit grayscale or from 0 to (2^12 - 1) for 12- bit grayscale. The LowBit and HighBit identify which bits in a 12-bit or 16-bit entry are used. The LowBit and HighBit can be obtained by using LBitmap::GetMinMaxBits or by looking at the corresponding fields in the BITMAPHANDLE itself.
Specifically, the table must hold at least 2^(HighBit - LowBit + 1) entries. if HIST_LOWHIGH_BITS is set in uFlags. If HIST_ALL_BITS is set in uFlags, the table must hold at least 4096 entries for 12-bit bitmaps and 65536 entries for 16-bit bitmaps.
For example, suppose HIST_LOWHIGH_BITS is set in uFlags and you have a 16-bit grayscale image with LowBit = 2 and HighBit = 7. There are 2^(7-2+1) = 64 possible grayscale intensities. The table must therefore hold at least 64 entries.
The number of grayscale values with bits 2 - 7 set to 0 can be found in pHisto. The number of grayscale values with bit 2 set to 1 and bits 3 - 7 set to 0 can be found in pHisto, and so on up to pHisto.
Since the low bit is 2 and the high bit is 7, bits 0, 1, and bits 8 - 15 must all be 0. Therefore the values set in bits 2 - 7 determine the intensities present in the image.
In the table below, the gray columns represent those bits that are always 0 for the image. The columns bit 7 through bit 2 represent possible settings for those bits. The last column gives the location within the pHisto array of the number of grayscale values having the corresponding settings. For example, pHisto contains the number of grayscale values of intensity 0 (all bits set to 0). pHisto contains all the grayscale values with intensity 4 (the 2 bit position set to 1). pHisto contains all the grayscale values with intensity 8 (the 3 bit set to 1 and the remaining bits set to 0) and so on.
|bits 8 - 15||bit 7||bit 6||bit 5||bit 4||bit 3||bit 2||bit 1||bit 0||count location in pHisto|
|and so on|
As another example, suppose you have a 16-bit grayscale image with LowBit = 0 and HighBit = 15. The table must hold 2^16 = 65,536 L_UINT64 values.
In order to speed up widely used image processing filters in LEADTOOLS, the grayscale value (master channel) of a colored image is calculated using the following formulas:
#define CalcGrayValue(r, g, b) ((L_UCHAR)(((L_UCHAR) (((2 * (L_UINT) (r)) + (5 * (L_UINT) (g)) + (L_UINT) (b) + 4) / 8))))
#define CalcGrayValue16(r, g, b) ((L_UINT16) (((2 * (L_UINT32) (r)) + (5 * (L_UINT32) (g)) + (L_UINT32) (b) + 4) / 8))
#define CalcGrayValue32(r, g, b) ((L_UINT32) (((2 * (L_UINT32) (r)) + (5 * (L_UINT32) (g)) + (L_UINT32) (b) + 4) / 8))
// This sample will draw a line to represent the histogram for an image
L_INT LBitmap__GetHistogramExample(HWND hwnd)
hdc = GetDC(hwnd);
nRet =LeadBitmap.Load(MAKE_IMAGE_PATH(TEXT("IMAGE1.CMP")), 0,ORDER_BGR);
nRet =LeadBitmap.GetHistogram(Histogram, 256, CHANNEL_MASTER| HIST_ALL_BITS);
for(int i=0; i<256; i++)
//Draw a vertical line that will represent the Intensity levels
MoveToEx(hdc, i*2, rc.bottom, NULL);
LineTo(hdc, i*2, rc.bottom - (int)Histogram[i]);