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SendNActionRequest Method

Summary
Sends an N-ACTION-REQ message to a peer member of a connection
Syntax
C#
C++
public void SendNActionRequest( 
   byte presentationID, 
   int messageID, 
   string affectedClass, 
   string instance, 
   int action, 
   DicomDataSet dataSet 
) 
public: 
void SendNActionRequest(  
   byte presentationID, 
   int messageID, 
   String^ affectedClass, 
   String^ instance, 
   int action, 
   DicomDataSet^ dataSet 
)  

Parameters

presentationID
The Presentation Context ID. The ID provides information about both the class type of the data and the Transfer Syntax to use when transferring the data.

messageID
The Message ID. Each message sent by a member of a connection should have a unique ID. Since a member of a connection may send several messages, this ID allows that member to identify when a specific request has been completed.

affectedClass
The class affected by the request. This will be a SOP Class or a Meta SOP Class.

instance
The instance of the class. A server may, for example, have three instances of the Nuclear Medicine Class. This value identifies the data with a specific instance.

action
An application-specific action to be performed on the specified Data Set.

dataSet
A DicomDataSet object that contains the Data Set on which the specified action is to be performed.

Remarks

Calling this method generates a call to OnReceiveNActionRequest on the SCP. The SCP should respond by calling SendNActionResponse which will generate a call to OnReceiveNActionResponse. The action specified may be the addition of a new patient, the deletion of a patient, the addition of a new study, a print job, etc. The action value, which designates the action to perform, is determined by the server. To find out the values used, you must contact the organization that created the server. When creating a server, the values and their corresponding meanings are determined by those creating the server.

Example

This is a comprehensive sample that shows how to process a DICOM N-Action operation on both the SCP (server) and the SCU (client) sides.

C#
using Leadtools; 
using Leadtools.Dicom; 
 
 
[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)] 
public struct MSG 
{ 
   public IntPtr hwnd; 
   public uint message; 
   public IntPtr wParam; 
   public IntPtr lParam; 
   public uint time; 
   public System.Drawing.Point p; 
} 
 
public enum WaitReturn 
{ 
   Complete, 
   Timeout, 
} 
 
class Utils 
{ 
   [DllImport("user32.dll")] 
   [return: MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.Bool)] 
   static extern bool PeekMessage(out MSG lpMsg, IntPtr hWnd, 
                                  uint wMsgFilterMin, uint wMsgFilterMax, 
                                  uint wRemoveMsg); 
 
   [DllImport("user32.dll")] 
   static extern bool TranslateMessage([In] ref MSG lpMsg); 
   [DllImport("user32.dll")] 
   static extern IntPtr DispatchMessage([In] ref MSG lpmsg); 
 
   const uint PM_REMOVE = 1; 
 
   public static WaitReturn WaitForComplete(double mill, WaitHandle wh) 
   { 
      TimeSpan goal = new TimeSpan(DateTime.Now.AddMilliseconds(mill).Ticks); 
 
      do 
      { 
         MSG msg = new MSG(); 
 
         if (PeekMessage(out msg, IntPtr.Zero, 0, 0, PM_REMOVE)) 
         { 
            TranslateMessage(ref msg); 
            DispatchMessage(ref msg); 
         } 
 
         if (wh.WaitOne(new TimeSpan(0, 0, 0), false)) 
         { 
            return WaitReturn.Complete; 
         } 
 
         if (goal.CompareTo(new TimeSpan(DateTime.Now.Ticks)) < 0) 
         { 
            return WaitReturn.Timeout; 
         } 
 
      } while (true); 
   } 
} 
 
class Client : DicomNet 
{ 
   DicomExceptionCode _LastError = DicomExceptionCode.Success; 
   AutoResetEvent waitEvent = new AutoResetEvent(false); 
 
   public Client() 
       : base(null, DicomNetSecurityMode.None) 
   { 
   } 
 
   public DicomExceptionCode LastError 
   { 
      get 
      { 
         return _LastError; 
      } 
   } 
 
   public bool Wait() 
   { 
      WaitReturn ret; 
 
      _LastError = DicomExceptionCode.Success; 
      ret = Utils.WaitForComplete((5 * 60) * 1000, waitEvent); 
 
      return (ret == WaitReturn.Complete); 
   } 
 
   protected override void OnConnect(DicomExceptionCode error) 
   { 
      _LastError = error; 
      waitEvent.Set(); 
   } 
 
   protected override void OnReceiveAssociateAccept(DicomAssociate association) 
   { 
      waitEvent.Set(); 
   } 
 
   protected override void OnReceiveNActionResponse(byte presentationID, int messageID, string affectedClass, string instance, DicomCommandStatusType status, int action, DicomDataSet dataSet) 
   { 
      DicomElement element; 
 
      Debug.Assert(messageID == 1, "Invalid message id.  Should be 1"); 
      Debug.Assert(affectedClass == DicomUidType.BasicFilmBoxClass, "Affected class should be PatientRootQueryMove: " + DicomUidType.BasicFilmBoxClass); 
      Debug.Assert(action == 1, "dicomevent should be 1"); 
      Debug.Assert(dataSet != null, "Dataset should not be null"); 
      Debug.Assert(instance == "1.1.1.1.9999.2", "Instance should be 1.1.1.1.9999.2"); 
 
      // 
      // Check Dataset 
      //            
      element = dataSet.FindFirstElement(null, DicomTag.PatientID, true); 
      Debug.Assert(element != null, "Element (PatientID) should not be null"); 
      Debug.Assert(dataSet.GetStringValue(element, 0) == "ID", "PatientID should be ID"); 
 
      waitEvent.Set(); 
   } 
} 
 
class ServerConnection : DicomNet 
{ 
   public ServerConnection() 
       : base(null, DicomNetSecurityMode.None) 
   { 
   } 
 
   protected override void OnReceiveAssociateRequest(DicomAssociate association) 
   { 
      DicomAssociate retAssociation = new DicomAssociate(false); 
 
      Debug.Assert(association.Called == "ServerTest", "Called AETitle should be ServerTest"); 
      Debug.Assert(association.Calling == "ClientTest", "Calling AETitle should be ClientTest"); 
      Debug.Assert(association.ImplementClass == "1.2.840.114257.1", "Implementation class should be 1.2.840.114257.1"); 
      Debug.Assert(association.ImplementationVersionName == "1", "Implementation version should be 1"); 
      Debug.Assert(association.MaxLength == 0x100000, "Max length should be 0x100000"); 
      Debug.Assert(association.GetAbstract(1) == DicomUidType.VerificationClass, "Presentation index 1 should be " + DicomUidType.VerificationClass); 
      Debug.Assert(association.GetTransfer(1, 0) == DicomUidType.ImplicitVRLittleEndian, "Abstract Syntax (1,0) should be " + DicomUidType.ImplicitVRLittleEndian); 
 
      // 
      // Build our Association Accept 
      // 
      retAssociation.Called = association.Called; 
      retAssociation.Calling = association.Calling; 
      retAssociation.ImplementClass = association.ImplementClass; 
      retAssociation.ImplementationVersionName = association.ImplementationVersionName; 
      for (int x = 0; x < association.PresentationContextCount; x++) 
      { 
         byte id = association.GetPresentationContextID(x); 
         string abSyntax = association.GetAbstract(id); 
         string trSyntax = DicomUidType.ImplicitVRLittleEndian; 
 
         retAssociation.AddPresentationContext(id, 0, abSyntax); 
         if (association.GetTransferCount(id) > 0) 
         { 
            trSyntax = association.GetTransfer(id, 0); 
         } 
 
         retAssociation.AddTransfer(id, trSyntax); 
      } 
      SendAssociateAccept(retAssociation); 
   } 
 
   protected override void OnReceiveNActionRequest(byte presentationID, int messageID, string affectedClass, string instance, int action, DicomDataSet dataSet) 
   { 
      DicomElement element; 
 
      Debug.Assert(messageID == 1, "Invalid message id.  Should be 1"); 
      Debug.Assert(affectedClass == DicomUidType.BasicFilmBoxClass, "Affected class should be PatientRootQueryMove: " + DicomUidType.BasicFilmBoxClass); 
      Debug.Assert(action == 1, "dicomevent should be 1"); 
      Debug.Assert(dataSet != null, "Dataset should not be null"); 
      Debug.Assert(instance == "1.1.1.1.9999.2", "Instance should be 1.1.1.1.9999.2"); 
 
      // 
      // Check Dataset 
      //            
      element = dataSet.FindFirstElement(null, DicomTag.PatientID, true); 
      Debug.Assert(element != null, "Element (PatientID) should not be null"); 
      Debug.Assert(dataSet.GetStringValue(element, 0) == "ID", "PatientID should be ID"); 
 
      SendNActionResponse(presentationID, messageID, affectedClass, instance, DicomCommandStatusType.Success, action, dataSet); 
   } 
} 
 
class Server : DicomNet 
{ 
   ServerConnection client; 
 
   public Server() 
       : base(null, DicomNetSecurityMode.None) 
   { 
   } 
 
   protected override void OnAccept(DicomExceptionCode error) 
   { 
      client = new ServerConnection(); 
 
      Accept(client); 
   } 
} 
 
public void SendNActionRequestSample() 
{ 
   DicomEngine.Startup(); 
   DicomNet.Startup(); 
 
   using (Server server = new Server()) 
   { 
      using (Client client = new Client()) 
      { 
         // 
         // Connect to server 
         // 
         server.Listen("127.0.0.1", 104, 1); // start server 
         client.Connect(null, 1000, "127.0.0.1", 104); // connect to server 
         if (!client.Wait()) // wait for connection to finish 
         { 
            Debug.Fail("Connection timed out"); 
         } 
         Debug.Assert(client.LastError == DicomExceptionCode.Success, "Connection failed"); 
         Debug.Assert(client.IsConnected(), "Client not connected"); 
 
         // 
         // Send associate request 
         // 
         DicomAssociate associate = new DicomAssociate(true); 
         long[] attributes = new long[4]; 
 
         associate.Called = "ServerTest"; 
         associate.Calling = "ClientTest"; 
         associate.ImplementClass = "1.2.840.114257.1"; 
         associate.ImplementationVersionName = "1"; 
         associate.MaxLength = 0x100000; 
         associate.AddPresentationContext(1, 0, DicomUidType.VerificationClass); 
         associate.AddTransfer(1, DicomUidType.ImplicitVRLittleEndian); 
         associate.AddPresentationContext(3, 0, DicomUidType.BasicFilmBoxClass); 
         associate.AddTransfer(3, DicomUidType.ImplicitVRLittleEndian); 
         client.SendAssociateRequest(associate); 
         if (!client.Wait()) // wait for connection to finish 
         { 
            Debug.Fail("SendAssociateRequest timed out"); 
         } 
 
         byte pid = client.Association.FindAbstract(DicomUidType.BasicFilmBoxClass); 
         DicomDataSet ds = new DicomDataSet(); 
         DicomElement element; 
 
         ds.Initialize(DicomClassType.Undefined, DicomDataSetInitializeType.ImplicitVRLittleEndian); 
         element = ds.FindFirstElement(null, DicomTag.PatientID, true); 
         if (element == null) 
         { 
            element = ds.InsertElement(null, false, DicomTag.PatientID, DicomVRType.UN, false, 0); 
         } 
         ds.SetStringValue(element, "ID", DicomCharacterSetType.Default); 
 
         client.SendNActionRequest(pid, 1, DicomUidType.BasicFilmBoxClass, "1.1.1.1.9999.2", 1, ds); 
         if (!client.Wait()) // wait for NActionRequest to finish 
         { 
            Debug.Fail("SendNActionRequest timed out"); 
         } 
         client.CloseForced(true); 
      } 
      server.CloseForced(true); 
   } 
 
   DicomEngine.Shutdown(); 
   DicomNet.Shutdown(); 
} 
Requirements

Target Platforms

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