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Implementing Animation

The RasterPictureBox namespace provides a simple "PictureBox" Windows.Forms control with which to display images. Unlike the RasterImageViewer, it does not support scrolling or zooming. However, it does support animation using the Leadtools.RasterImageAnimator class.

Using a RasterPictureBox object is similar to using a RasterImage object. Follow the same steps as those listed in the following section, except instead of using a RasterImage constructor use a RasterPictureBox constructor.

To load and play an animated file, such as GIF, you can load the frames into a RasterImage object from the file, then play the list to a target image in a loop that displays each change in the target image. You can also create an animation sequence from scratch and save the images to create an animated GIF file.

The following is an outline of possible steps:

  1. Load a multi-frame image using Leadtools.Codecs.RasterCodecs.Load(System.Uri,System.Int32,Leadtools.Codecs.CodecsLoadByteOrder,System.Int32,System.Int32)
  2. Use the Leadtools.RasterImage constructor to create a target image that is the size of the images in the multi-frame image
  3. Use the RasterImageAnimator/> class to create an animation playback that references multi-frame image and the target image
  4. In a loop that processes each frame in the multi-frame image, do the following:

    1. Use the RasterImageAnimator.Process method to process the current state and get the next state of the animation
    2. Use the RasterImageAnimator.GetUpdateRectangle method to get the update rectangle (the portion of the target image that has changed)
    3. Use the RasterImagePainter.Paint method to paint the changed portion of the image. To paint only the changed portion, use the update rectangle as the source clipping rectangle.

The animation loop can have a number of states, and you should only paint the changes in an appropriate state (for example, when the next state is RasterImageAnimatorState.PostRender. For a list of possible states, refer to the RasterImageAnimatorState enumeration.

The RasterImage.AnimationDisposalMethod property in the target RasterImage object determines what happens to the image in the playback loop after rendering and after any wait state, when the following state is ">RasterImageAnimatorState.PostDispose. The options are as follows: keep the image as it is, restore the background, or restore the previous image. (Restoring the background is a common option for animation.)

The animation loop runs continuously through the list of frames. To stop at the end of the list, exit the loop when the following state is RasterImageAnimatorState.End.

Animated GIF Files

Before you load an animated GIF file, you can use the RasterCodecs.GetInformation method to get the file's global animation information, which is updated in the CodecsImageInfo.Gif property. You can use these values in the animation playback

When you load an animated GIF file, using RasterCodecs.Load, the following animation fields in each RasterImage are updated with information from the file: RasterImage.AnimationOffset, RasterImage.AnimationDelay, RasterImage.AnimationBackground, RasterImage.Transparent, RasterImage.TransparentColor and RasterImage.AnimationDisposalMethod. These properties could be unique for each frame in the image. Also, the global animation information are loaded into the following properties: RasterImage.AnimationGlobalLoop, RasterImage.AnimationGlobalSize and RasterImage.AnimationGlobalBackground. These properties are used in the animation playback

When you save an animated GIF file using the RasterCodecs.Save method, these same RasterImage properties are saved in the file. In addition, the global animation information will be used from the RasterImage automatically. Only the global palette needs to be set manually using the CodecsGifSaveOptions.SetAnimationPalette method and the CodecsGifSaveOptions.UseAnimationPalette property.

Code Examples

Example Location Description
RasterImageAnimator Example The following example shows how to load an animated GIF file and paint it on the surface of the given panel control.
RasterImage.AnimationGlobalLoop Example The following example shows how to create an animated GIF file
RasterImage.GetTrueColorValue Example An example to show how to create transparent GIF file

See also Introduction Animation

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