L_ColorThresholdBitmap

#include "l_bitmap.h"

L_LTIMGCLR_API L_INT L_ColorThresholdBitmap (pBitmap, uColorSpace, pCompData, uFlags)

Using any one of eight color spaces, resets those bitmaps pixel component values that fall inside or outside of a specified range.

Parameters

pBITMAPHANDLE pBitmap

Pointer to the bitmap handle that references the bitmap on which to apply the effect.

L_UINT uColorSpace

Color space which the threshold is based on. Possible values are

Value Meaning
CLTH_RGB_SPACE [0x00000000] RGB color space
CLTH_HSV_SPACE [0x00000001] HSV color space
CLTH_HLS_SPACE [0x00000002] HLS color space
CLTH_XYZ_SPACE [0x00000003] XYZ color space
CLTH_YCrCb_SPACE [0x00000004] YCrCb color space
CLTH_YUV_SPACE [0x00000005] YUV color space
CLTH_LAB_SPACE [0x00000006] LAB color space
CLTH_CMY_SPACE [0x00000007] CMY color space

pCOMPDATA pCompData

Pointer to an array of 3 COMPDATA structures that contains the parameters used to compare and modify each component.

L_UINT32 uFlags

Reserved for future use. Must be 0.

Returns

Value Meaning
SUCCESS The function was successful.
< 1 An error occurred. Refer to Return Codes.

Comments

This function does not support signed data images. It returns the error code ERROR_SIGNED_DATA_NOT_SUPPORTED if a signed data image is passed to this function.

This function is similar to the L_ConvertColorSpace function but provides greater flexibility by allowing the specification of a range and different options for handling those values that fall outside of the range. Please note that every color space component may have a different range.

Color Component Range for 8-bit components Range for 16-bit components
RGB
R 0 - 255 0 - 65535
G 0 - 255 0 - 65535
B 0 - 255 0 - 65535
HSV
H 0 - 360 0 - 36000
S 0 - 100 0 - 10000
V 0 - 255 0 - 65535
HLS
H 0 - 360 0 - 36000
L 0 - 255 0 - 65535
S 0 - 100 0 - 10000
XYZ
X 0 - 255 0 - 65535
Y 0 - 255 0 - 65535
Z 0 - 255 0 - 65535
YCrCb
Y 0 - 255 0 - 65535
Cr -128 - 127 -32768 - 32767
Cb -128 - 127 -32768 - 32767
YUV
Y 0 - 255 0 - 65535
U -112 - 111 -28567 - 28566
V -138 - 137 -35337 - 35336
LAB
L 0 - 100 0 - 10000
A -128 - 127 -32768 - 32767
B -128 - 127 -32768 - 32767
CMY
C 0 - 255 0 - 65535
M 0 - 255 0 - 65535
Y 0 - 255 0 - 65535

This function works as follows:

  1. The bitmap is converted to the required color space.
  2. For every pixel, the following operations are performed: Each component is compared with the nMinRange and nMaxRange ranges of the appropriate COMPDATA structure.
    1. If it is inside the range, the component is considered to have "passed" the test.
    2. If it is outside the range, the component has been rejected". The CLTH_TYP_BANDREJECT flag inverts this by making "rejected" components "passed" and viceversa.
  3. If CLTH_MOD_CHANNEL is set, the components are modified independently. If CLTH_MOD_ALL has been passed, the pixel is rejected by the test if any component is rejected. If the pixel/component is rejected, then:
    a. If CLTH_VALUE_MIN is passed, the rejected pixel/component is set to 0.

b. If CLTH_VALUE_MAX is passed, the rejected pixel/component is set to 255.

c. If CLTH_VALUE_CLAMP is passed, components less that nMin go to 0 and components greater than nMax go to 255. This would work only with the CLTH_MOD_CHANNEL and CLTH_TYP_BANDPASS flag.

This function works for 1, 2, 3, 8,16, 24, 32, 48 and 64-bit color bitmaps and can support regions for 24 and 48-bit bitmaps. If a 24 or 48-bit bitmap has a region the effect will be applied on the region only.

One structure is used for each color component. The order is considered to be the same as in the CLTH_xxx_SPACE name. For example, for CLTH_RGB_SPACE:

The pCompData[0].uStructSize must be set to sizeof(COMPDATA) before calling this function. For an array of structures, only the first structure in the array needs to have uStructSize member set.

To update a status bar or detect a user interrupt during execution of this function, refer to L_SetStatusCallback.

This function does not support 32-bit grayscale images. It returns the error code ERROR_GRAY32_UNSUPPORTED if a 32-bit grayscale image is passed to this function.

Required DLLs and Libraries

Platforms

Win32, x64, Linux.

See Also

Functions

Topics

Example

L_INT ColorThresholdBitmapExample(L_VOID) 
{ 
   L_INT nRet; 
   BITMAPHANDLE LeadBitmap;   /* Bitmap handle for the image */ 
   COMPDATA          pCompData[3]; 
   L_INT                     nI; 
 
   /* Load a bitmap at its own bits per pixel  */ 
   nRet = L_LoadBitmap(MAKE_IMAGE_PATH(TEXT("ImageProcessingDemo\\Image1.jpg")), &LeadBitmap, sizeof(BITMAPHANDLE), 0, ORDER_BGR, NULL, NULL); 
   if(nRet !=SUCCESS) 
      return nRet; 
 
   pCompData[0].uStructSize = sizeof(COMPDATA); 
   for (nI = 0; nI < 3; nI++) 
   { 
       pCompData[nI].nMinRange = 128; 
       pCompData[nI].nMaxRange = 255;  
       pCompData[nI].uFlags = 0; 
   } 
 
   /* Apply color Threshold effect on the image*/ 
   nRet = L_ColorThresholdBitmap(&LeadBitmap, CLTH_RGB_SPACE,  pCompData, 0); 
   if(nRet !=SUCCESS) 
      return nRet; 
   nRet = L_SaveBitmap(MAKE_IMAGE_PATH(TEXT("Result.BMP")), &LeadBitmap, FILE_BMP, 24, 0, NULL); 
   if(nRet !=SUCCESS) 
      return nRet; 
   //free bitmap  
   if(LeadBitmap.Flags.Allocated)   
      L_FreeBitmap(&LeadBitmap);   
   return SUCCESS; 
} 
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