Merge Documents - Java

This tutorial shows how to merge documents to a single file using the LEADTOOLS Cloud Services in a Java application.

Overview  
Summary This tutorial covers how to make Merge requests and process the results using the LEADTOOLS Cloud Services in a Java application.
Completion Time 30 minutes
Project Download tutorial project (7 KB)
Platform LEADTOOLS Cloud Services API
IDE IntelliJ
Language Java
Development License Download LEADTOOLS

Required Knowledge

Be sure to review the following sites for information about LEADTOOLS Cloud Services API.

Service Plans

LEADTOOLS Service Plan offerings:

Service Plan Description
Free Trial Free Evaluation
Page Packages Prepaid Page Packs
Subscriptions Prepaid Monthly Processed Pages

To further explore the offerings, refer to Pricing Information for LEADTOOLS Hosted Cloud Services > Service Plan Terms.

For pricing details, refer to https://www.leadtools.com/sdk/products/hosted-services#pricing > Page Packages and Subscriptions.

To obtain the necessary Application ID and Application Password, refer to Create an Account and Application with the LEADTOOLS Hosted Cloud Services.

Create the Project and Add the Maven Dependency

In the IDE, create a new Java project with Maven, and add the following required Maven dependency to the pom.xml file:

XML 
<dependency> 
    <groupId>org.json</groupId> 
    <artifactId>json</artifactId> 
    <version>20210307</version> 
</dependency> 

Add the Merge Code

With the project created and the package added, coding can begin.

In Project Files, open App.java. Add the following import statements at the top.

Java
import org.json.JSONArray; 
import org.json.JSONObject; 
 
import java.io.File; 
import java.io.FileNotFoundException; 
import java.net.URI; 
import java.net.http.HttpClient; 
import java.net.http.HttpRequest; 
import java.net.http.HttpRequest.BodyPublisher; 
import java.net.http.HttpResponse; 
import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets; 
import java.util.Base64; 
import java.util.concurrent.CompletableFuture; 
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException; 
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit; 
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException; 

Add a class level enum named FormatsEnum and a method named merge(). The merge() method utilizes the Merge API to upload 2 files, verify successful upload, and merge them. If successful a unique identifier (GUID) will be returned and then a query using this GUID will be made.

Add the code below to the FormatsEnum enumeration.

Java
private enum FormatsEnum 
{ 
    Png(1), 
    Jpeg(2), 
    Tiff(3), 
    Pdf(4), 
    Pdfa(5), 
    PdfImage(6), 
    PdfImageOverText(7), 
    PdfaImageOverText(8), 
    Docx(9), 
    DocxFramed(10), 
    Rtf(11), 
    RtfFramed(12), 
    Txt(13), 
    TxtFramed(14); 
    private final int value; 
 
    FormatsEnum(int value) { 
        this.value = value; 
    } 
 
    public int getValue() { 
        return value; 
    } 
} 

Add the code below to the merge() method.

Java
private static void merge() { 
    HttpClient client = HttpClient.newHttpClient(); 
 
    // If using URL to the file 
    String tiffUrl = "https://demo.leadtools.com/images/cloud_samples/ocr1-4.tif"; 
    String uploadUrl = String.format("UploadFile?fileurl=%s&forMerge=true", tiffUrl); 
    Results results = postAsync(uploadUrl, null, client); 
 
    //If uploading a file as multi-part content: 
    // File uploadFile = new File("path/to/file"); 
    // String uploadUrl = "UploadFile"; 
    // Results results = postAsync(uploadUrl, uploadFile, client); 
 
    if (results.getStatusCode() != 200) { 
        System.out.println("Request failed with the following response: " + results.getStatusCode()); 
        return; 
    } 
 
    String firstFileId = results.getData(); 
    System.out.println("First File ID returned by the services: " + firstFileId); 
    if (!checkFileForVerification(firstFileId, client)) { 
        return; 
    } 
 
    String pdfUrl = "https://demo.leadtools.com/images/pdf/leadtools.pdf"; 
    uploadUrl = String.format("UploadFile?fileurl=%s&forMerge=true", pdfUrl); 
    results = postAsync(uploadUrl, null, client); 
 
    if (results.getStatusCode() != 200) { 
        System.out.println("Request failed with the following response: " + results.getStatusCode()); 
        return; 
    } 
 
    String secondFileId = results.getData(); 
    System.out.println("Second File ID returned by the services: " + secondFileId); 
    if (!checkFileForVerification(secondFileId, client)) { 
        return; 
    } 
 
    if (!mergeFiles(client, firstFileId, secondFileId)) { 
        System.out.println("Files failed to Merge"); 
        return; 
    } 
 
    query(firstFileId, client); 
    System.out.println("Done"); 
} 

Create two new methods named mergeFiles(HttpClient client, String firstFileId, String secondFileId) and checkFileForVerification(String id, HttpClient client). Both method will be called inside the merge() method, as shown above.

Add the code below to the mergeFiles() method to instruct the Cloud Services API to merge the two uploaded files into one utilizing the given IDs.

Java
private static boolean mergeFiles(HttpClient client, String firstFileId, String secondFileId) { 
    ArrayList<MergeArgument> mergeList = new ArrayList<>(); 
 
    MergeFirstLast newFirstLast = new MergeFirstLast(); 
    newFirstLast.setFileID(firstFileId); 
    newFirstLast.setFirstPage(1); 
    newFirstLast.setLastPage(-1); 
    mergeList.add(newFirstLast); 
 
    MergePageArray newPageArray = new MergePageArray(); 
    newPageArray.setFileID(secondFileId); 
    newPageArray.setPages(new int[]{5,1,2,4,2}); 
    mergeList.add(newPageArray); 
 
    //Final output format for the merged file 
    int outputFormat = FormatsEnum.Pdf.getValue(); 
    String mergeUrl = String.format("Conversion/Merge?format=%s", outputFormat); 
    JSONArray mergeJSON = new JSONArray(mergeList.toString()); 
    Results result = postAsync(mergeUrl, HttpRequest.BodyPublishers.ofString(mergeJSON.toString(), StandardCharsets.UTF_8), client); 
 
    return result.getStatusCode() == 200; 
} 

Add the below code to the checkFileForVerification() method to confirm the file passed in was successfully uploaded.

Java
private static boolean checkFileForVerification(String id, HttpClient client) { 
    String queryUrl = String.format("Query?id=%s", id); 
    Results results; 
    JSONObject returnedData; 
    int fileStatus = 0; 
 
    do { 
        try { 
            results = postAsync(queryUrl, null, client); 
            returnedData = new JSONObject(results.getData()); 
            fileStatus = returnedData.getInt("FileStatus"); 
            Thread.sleep(500); 
        } catch (InterruptedException e) { 
            e.printStackTrace(); 
        } 
    } while (fileStatus == 0 || fileStatus == 123); 
 
    if (fileStatus != 122) { 
        System.out.println("File " + id + "failed verification with the File Status: " + fileStatus); 
        return false; 
    } 
 
    return true; 
} 

Next, create a new method called query(String id, HttpClient client) that utilizes the GUID provided by the merge() method. If successful the response body will contain all the request data in JSON format. Be sure to call the query() method inside the merge() method, as shown above. Add the code below to the query() method.

Java
private static void query(String id, HttpClient client) { 
    String queryUrl = String.format("Query?id=%s", id); 
    Results results; 
    JSONObject returnedData = new JSONObject(); 
    int fileStatus = 0; 
 
    do { 
        try{ 
            results = postAsync(queryUrl, null, client); 
            returnedData = new JSONObject(results.getData()); 
            fileStatus = returnedData.getInt("FileStatus"); 
            if (fileStatus != 200) Thread.sleep(5000); 
        } catch (InterruptedException e) { 
            //e.printStackTrace(); 
        } 
    } while (fileStatus == 0 || fileStatus == 100 || fileStatus == 123); 
 
    System.out.println("File has finished processing with return code: " + fileStatus); 
    if (fileStatus != 200) { 
        return; 
    } 
 
    parseJson(returnedData.get("RequestData").toString()); 
} 

Then, create two new methods named parseJson(String json) and postAsync(String path, File file, HttpClient client), which will both be called inside the query() method, as shown above.

Add the code below to the parseJson() method to process the returned JSON data.

Java
private static void parseJson(String json) { 
    JSONArray requestArray = new JSONArray(json); 
    for (Object requestObject : requestArray) { 
        if (requestObject instanceof JSONObject) { 
            JSONObject requestReturn = (JSONObject) requestObject; 
            System.out.println("Service Type: " + requestReturn.getString("ServiceType")); 
            System.out.println("Returned Data:"); 
            JSONArray urlArray = new JSONArray(requestReturn.get("urls").toString()); 
            for (Object obj : urlArray) { 
                System.out.println(obj.toString()); 
            } 
        } 
    } 
} 

Add the code below to the postAsync() method to create a client connection to request the GUID and JSON data through. Where it states Replace with Application ID and Replace with Application Password be sure to place your Application ID and Password accordingly. For information on how to aquire your Application ID and Password, see the Create an Account and Application with the LEADTOOLS Hosted Cloud Services tutorial.

Java
private static Results postAsync(String path, Object body, HttpClient client) { 
    String AppId = "Replace with Application ID"; 
    String Password = "Replace with Application Password"; 
    String authHeader = "Basic " + new String(Base64.getEncoder().encode((AppId + ":" + Password).getBytes(StandardCharsets.UTF_8))); 
    String hostedServicesUrl = "https://azure.leadtools.com/api/"; 
 
    BodyPublisher thisBody = HttpRequest.BodyPublishers.ofString("null"); 
    if (body instanceof BodyPublisher) { 
        thisBody = (BodyPublisher) body; 
    } else if (body instanceof File) { 
        try { 
            thisBody = HttpRequest.BodyPublishers.ofFile(((File) body).toPath()); 
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) { 
            //e.printStackTrace(); 
        } 
    } 
 
    HttpRequest request = HttpRequest.newBuilder() 
            .POST(thisBody) 
            .uri(URI.create(hostedServicesUrl + path)) 
            .header("Accept", "application/json") 
            .header("Authorization", authHeader) 
            .header("Content-Type", "text/plain") 
            .build(); 
 
    CompletableFuture<HttpResponse<String>> result = client.sendAsync(request, HttpResponse.BodyHandlers.ofString()); 
    Results results = new Results(); 
    results.setData(""); 
    results.setStatusCode(0); 
 
    try{ 
        results.setData(result.thenApply(HttpResponse::body).get(5, TimeUnit.SECONDS)); 
        results.setStatusCode(result.thenApply(HttpResponse::statusCode).get(5, TimeUnit.SECONDS)); 
    } catch (InterruptedException | ExecutionException | TimeoutException e) { 
        e.printStackTrace(); 
    } 
 
    return results; 
} 

The application will require a helper class to store the results of the POST requests. Create a new class called Results and add the code below to it.

Java
private static class Results { 
    private String data; 
    private int statusCode; 
 
    public String getData() { 
        return data; 
    } 
 
    public void setData(String data) { 
        this.data = data; 
    } 
 
    public int getStatusCode() { 
        return statusCode; 
    } 
 
    public void setStatusCode(int statusCode) { 
        this.statusCode = statusCode; 
    } 
} 

Additionally, create the model classes, MergeArgument, MergeFirstLast : MergeArgument, and MergePageArray : MergeArgument; these facilitate the mergeFiles() method. Add the code below to these classes respectively.

Java
private static class MergeArgument { 
    private String fileId; 
 
    public String getFileID() { 
        return fileId; 
    } 
 
    public void setFileID(String fileId) { 
        this.fileId = fileId; 
    } 
 
    public String toString() { 
        return "\"fileId\":\"" + fileId + "\"}"; 
    } 
} 
 
private static class MergeFirstLast extends MergeArgument { 
    private int firstPage; 
    private int lastPage; 
 
    public int getFirstPage() { 
        return firstPage; 
    } 
 
    public int getLastPage() { 
        return lastPage; 
    } 
 
    public void setFirstPage(int firstPage) { 
        this.firstPage = firstPage; 
    } 
 
    public void setLastPage(int lastPage) { 
        this.lastPage = lastPage; 
    } 
 
    @Override 
    public String toString() { 
        return "{\"firstPage\":" + firstPage + ",\"lastPage\":" + lastPage + "," + super.toString(); 
    } 
} 
 
private static class MergePageArray extends MergeArgument { 
    private int[] pages; 
 
    public int[] getPages() { 
        return pages; 
    } 
 
    public void setPages(int[] pages) { 
        this.pages = pages; 
    } 
 
    @Override 
    public String toString() { 
        return "{\"pages\":" + Arrays.toString(pages) + "," + super.toString(); 
    } 
} 

Run the Project

In order to test run this code be sure to add merge(); to the static void main section.

Run the project by pressing Alt + F5, or by selecting Run -> Debug App.

If the steps were followed correctly, the console appears and the application displays the link to the merged file from the returned JSON data.

Merged File Information

Wrap-up

This tutorial showed how to merge files via the LEADTOOLS Cloud Services in a Java application.

See Also

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© 1991-2022 LEAD Technologies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Products | Support | Contact Us | Intellectual Property Notices
© 1991-2022 LEAD Technologies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.