#include "l_bitmap.h"

L_LTFIL_API L_INT L_ReadFileTag2(pFile, uTag, pType, pCount, pData, pLoadOptions, pFileInfo)

Gets the specified tagged data from a TIFF file. Use this function to read any TIFF tag, not just the defined tags.


L_TCHAR * pFile

Character string containing the input file name.

L_UINT16 uTag

Tag to identify the data in the TIFF file. Use the tag value from the TIFF specification or the same tag that you specified in the L_SetTag function. Examples of registered tags are:

Value Meaning
0x8298 Copyright comment
0x8769 General Exif comments
0x8825 Exif GPS comments
0x80A4 Annotation TIFF tag defined as ANNTAG_TIFF.

L_UINT16* pType

Address of the variable to be updated with the tagged data type. The following values are possible:

Value Meaning
TAG_BYTE [1] Byte.
TAG_ASCII [2] Byte in the range of 0 to 255.
TAG_SBYTE [6] Byte used as signed number in the range of -128 to +127.
TAG_UNDEFINED [7] Byte, with application-defined usage.
TAG_SHORT [3] Two bytes, unsigned.
TAG_SSHORT [8] Two bytes, signed.
TAG_LONG [4] Four bytes, unsigned.
TAG_SLONG [9] Four bytes, signed.
TAG_RATIONAL [5] Eight bytes, used as a pair of unsigned long integers, where the first number is the numerator and the second is the denominator of a fraction.
TAG_SRATIONAL [10] Eight bytes, used as a pair of signed long integers, where the first number is the numerator and the second is the denominator of a fraction.
TAG_FLOAT [11] Four bytes used as a floating point number.
TAG_DOUBLE [12] Eight bytes used as a double-precision floating point number.
TAG_IFD [13] 32-bit IFD offset.
TAG_LONG8 [16] Unsigned 64-bit integer (valid only for BigTIFF formats).
TAG_SLONG8 [17] Signed 64-bit integer (valid only for BigTIFF formats).
TAG_IFD8 [18] 64-bit IFD offset (valid only for BigTIFF formats).

L_UINT* pCount

Address of the variable to be updated with the count of data items. The count is based on the tagged data type. For example, if the count is 2 and the data type is TAG_DOUBLE, the required buffer size is 16.

L_VOID* pData

Pointer to the buffer to be updated with the data. Pass NULL to use this function's return value to determine the required buffer size.


Pointer to optional extended load options. Pass NULL to use the default load options.


Pointer to optional FILEINFO structure which can be used to speed up the process. Pass NULL if you do not have this information.


Value Meaning
>0 Length of the tagged data, in bytes.
<= 0 An error occurred. Refer to Return Codes.


It is often convenient to call this function twice, as follows:

  1. Call the function the first time, specifying NULL in the pData parameter. Use the return value to determine the required size of the buffer.
  2. Allocate the buffer.
  3. Call the function the second time, passing a pointer to your buffer in the pData parameter.

For general information about TIFF tags, refer to Implementing TIFF Comments and Tags.

This function will read the data for a tag whose data size is greater than 4 bytes. In certain situations, you might want to read the data offset instead of the data itself. This is useful in order to read tags contained in a MakerNote tag. Use L_ReadFileTags to read the tag's data offset.

This function is very similar to L_ReadFileTag. The only difference is that it allows you to pass a FILEINFO structure to speed up the process. If you pass NULL, then calling this function is equivalent to calling L_ReadFileTag, so you might as well call that function instead.

Required DLLs and Libraries


Win32, x64, Linux.

See Also




This example uses L_ReadFileTag2 to read a tag for the position of a company logo on an image.
It reads the tag from the TIFF file that is created in the example for L_SetTag.

L_INT ReadFileTag2Example(L_VOID) 
   L_INT nRet; 
   L_TCHAR msgbuf[80];              /* buffer for the message string */ 
   L_UINT16 FillOrder = 0x010A;     /* Fill Order tag                */ 
   L_UINT16 TagType;                /* tagged data type              */ 
   L_UINT32 TagCount;               /* count of data items           */ 
   L_VOID * pTagData;               /* pointer to the buffer containing the data */ 
   HGLOBAL hBuf;                    /* handle to the buffer          */ 
   L_INT32 BufferSize;              /* required size of the buffer   */ 
                                    /* Get the File Information one time, to speed up calls to L_ReadFileTag2 */ 
   FILEINFO FileInfo = { 0 }; 
   FileInfo.uStructSize = sizeof(FILEINFO); 
   L_FileInfo(MAKE_IMAGE_PATH(TEXT("OCR1.TIF")), &FileInfo, sizeof(FILEINFO), 0, NULL); 
   /* Get the required buffer size */ 
   BufferSize = L_ReadFileTag2(MAKE_IMAGE_PATH(TEXT("OCR1.TIF")), FillOrder, &TagType, &TagCount, NULL, NULL, &FileInfo); 
   /* Allocate and lock the buffer */ 
   if ((TagType == TAG_SHORT) && (BufferSize > 0)) 
      hBuf = GlobalAlloc(GMEM_MOVEABLE, BufferSize); 
      pTagData = GlobalLock(hBuf); 
      return BufferSize; 
   /* Get the tagged data */ 
   nRet = L_ReadFileTag2(MAKE_IMAGE_PATH(TEXT("OCR1.TIF")), FillOrder, &TagType, &TagCount, pTagData, NULL, &FileInfo); 
   if (nRet <= 0) 
      return nRet; 
   /* Display a message showing the data */ 
   if ((TagType == TAG_SHORT) && (TagCount == 1)) 
      wsprintf(msgbuf, TEXT("FillOrder = 0x%02X"), (short)*(L_INT*)pTagData); 
      MessageBox(NULL, msgbuf, TEXT("Fill Order"), MB_OK); 
   /* Free memory that we no longer need */ 
   return SUCCESS; 

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